Eric Arthur Blair
(25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950),[3] better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English author and journalist. His work is marked by keen intelligence and wit, a profound awareness of social injustice, an intense, revolutionary opposition to totalitarianism, a passion for clarity in language and a belief in democratic socialism.[4]

Considered perhaps the twentieth century's best chronicler of English culture,[5] Orwell wrote fiction, polemical journalism, literary criticism and poetry. He is best known for the dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four (published in 1949) and the satirical novella Animal Farm (1945). This pair of books has sold more than those of any other twentieth-century author.[6] His Homage to Catalonia (1938), an account of his experiences as a volunteer on the Republican side in the Spanish Civil War which cemented his ideology, and his numerous essays on various subjects relating to politics, literature, linguistics, culture and lifestyle, are also widely acclaimed. Orwell's influence on culture, popular and political, continues. Several of his neologisms, along with the term Orwellian, now a byword for any draconian or manipulative social phenomenon or concept inimical to a free society, have entered the vernacular.

Born Eric Arthur Blair

25 June 1903(1903-06-25) Motihari, Bihar, British India

Died 21 January 1950 (aged 46)

Camden, London

Resting place Sutton Courtenay, Oxfordshire
Pen name George Orwell, John Freeman[1][2]
Occupation Novelist, political writer and journalist
Notable work(s) Homage to Catalonia (1938)Animal Farm (1945)Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949)


Spouse(s) Eileen O'Shaughnessy (1935–1945, her death)

Sonia Brownell (1949-1950, his death)

Influences[show]James Burnham, Charles Dickens, Henry Fielding, Gustave Flaubert, Aldous Huxley, James Joyce, Arthur Koestler, Jack London, W. Somerset Maugham, Upton Sinclair, Jonathan Swift, Leo Tolstoy, Leon Trotsky, H. G. Wells, Tom Wintringham, Yevgeny Zamyatin, Émile Zola

Influenced[show]Margaret Atwood, Ray Bradbury, Anthony Burgess, Albert Camus, Noam Chomsky, Cory Doctorow, Christopher Hitchens, John King, Ignazio Silone, Kurt Vonnegut, Thomas Pynchon